Advanced Placement (AP)

After campaigning on a pledge to "end welfare as we know it,President Bill Clinton worked with a Republican-controlled Congress to pass the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996. The goal of the legislation was to reform the welfare system so that individuals and families would be less dependent on government assistance and break the cycle of poverty.The legislation ended the federally run Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, which provided cash assistance to individuals who met specific low income criteria, and replaced it with the Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF) program. TANF, incontrast to AFDC, uses grants to provide a fixed amount of funding to states each year for welfare services. The amount of money states receive from the federal government does not increase as poverty rises. States are charged with the task of determining who is eligible for TANF funding. After reading the scenario, please respond to A, B, and C below.A. Referencing the scenario, describe the type of grant that the new welfate program created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act uses and explain how it affects the relationship between the states and the federal government.B. Explain why states might prefer the type of funding provided by TANF rather than by previous programs.C. Describe the constitutional principle that supports the interaction between the federal government and the state governments in this situation, and explain how it relates to the scenario.